Vitamin K for cosmetic laser recovery and bruising

November 14, 2018

Vitamin K for cosmetic laser recovery and bruising

Most people have heard of B-group vitamins and Vitamins C and E, but although Vitamin K is less well-known it is no less important. It has been shown to have some surprising properties when applied to the skin.

What is Vitamin K?

Phytomenadione, also known as Vitamin K1

Vitamin K1 (phytomenadione, or phylloquinone) is found in highest amounts in leafy green vegetables, because in plants it is directly involved in photosynthesis. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is stored in the human body, and both deficiencies and excesses are rare in the absence of other pathologies.

As a vitamin, vitamin K has one main function: blood clotting. It is required for the liver to activate a group of proteins called coagulation factors, all of which are necessary for blood to clot. In fact, the “K” in its name comes from its name in German, “Koagulationsvitamin”. The commonly-prescribed anticoagulant medication warfarin works by antagonising (opposing) Vitamin K’s action.

Vitamin K also plays an important role in bone health.

So why put Vitamin K on the skin?

Bruising (or pupurea) is a common side-effect of many cosmetic laser treatments, for example laser hair removal or laser skin resurfacing. Several studies have found that products containing at least 1% w/w vitamin K shorten the length of time that skin is reddish-purple when these products are applied after laser treatment (2, 3, 4).

Vitamin K may also be applied to other skin areas that may benefit from bruise-reduction. For example, a cream containing 2% vitamin K, 0.1% retinol and 0.1% vitamins C and E has been shown to have a moderate effect on reducing dark circles under eyes (5).

Topical vitamin K has also been shown to promote the healing of wounds (6).

Topical application of vitamin K is unlikely to have any effect on systemic blood clotting, as it has no known toxicity in overdose. Any small amounts that may be absorbed across the skin must be significantly diluted before they can exert any effect where coagulation factors are activated in the liver.

Our products

BCP Vit K Serum

Available without a prescription. We have formulated a 2% w/w vitamin K serum that may be suitable for topical application after laser treatment or to other skin areas (e.g. for bruising, or for dark circles under eyes).

BCP CEK gel

Formulated specifically for use post-laser treatment, the BCP CEK Gel contains 2% w/w vitamin K in a regenerative, non-comedogenic hyaluronate gel base that also contains Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) and vitamin E. This broad-spectrum antioxidant combination is designed to reduce the redness and bruising that may occur after cosmetic laser treatments. It is all-natural, and prepared to order.

More information

As with all of our products, we can custom-make your Vitamin K product to suit your skin type and requirements. If you have any questions or would like to make an order, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

References

    1. “Vitamin K Overview”. University of Maryland Medical Center. http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/vitamin-k(accessed 26 February 2016).
    2. Lou WW, et al. (1999) Effects of topical vitamin K and retinol on laser-induced purpura on nonlesional skin. Dermatologic Surgery25(12):942-4.
    3. Shah NS, et al. (2002) The effects of topical vitamin K on bruising after laser treatment. J Am Acad Dermatol. 47(2):241-4.
    4. Cohen JL and Bhatia AC (2009) The role of topical vitamin K oxide gel in the resolution of postprocedural purpura. J Drugs Dermatol. 8(11):1020-4.
    5. Mitsuishi T, et al. (2004) The effects of topical application of phytonadione, retinol and vitamins C and E on infraorbital dark circles and wrinkles of the lower eyelids. J Cosmetic Dermatology. 3(2): 73-75
    6. Hemmati AA, et al. (2014) Topical vitamin K1 promotes repair of full thickness wound in rat. Indian J Pharmacol. 46(4):409-12.



Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.


Also in How we can help

Why does my moisturiser sting?
Why does my moisturiser sting?

May 15, 2019

When a moisturiser stings your skin there’s possibly a number of things at play, but generally it’s caused by one ingredient that’s common to all moisturisers: water. It is true that alcohols, fragrances and other ingredients can irritate your skin, but generally they are in a very low concentration and shouldn’t cause any stinging.

Most people will have experienced the slight burning when pool water or tap water gets up their nose. This is caused by a difference in salt concentrations between the pool or tap water and the water or fluid that exists in the cells of the nose. The cells of the nose rapidly swell causing the nerves to send signals to the brain that something is not right! 

Continue Reading

Pro-Biotic vs Pre-Biotic
Pro-Biotic vs Pre-Biotic

April 18, 2019

Everyone’s heard of the term Pro-Biotic. It’s a buzz word that surrounds everything from yoghurt, to fermented foods to baby formula and more recently to skin care.  The term pro-biotic is generally accepted to mean a live culture of bacteria that is used to exert a therapeutic effect.

Continue Reading

The work of a true skincare professional
The work of a true skincare professional

March 26, 2019

When a pharmacist designs a cream, it is created with a true understanding of human physiology, biochemistry and histology. Every ingredient is analyzed and used only if it is of benefit to enhancing the health of the skin.

Continue Reading

Hello!

Border Compounding Pharmacy

We would love to keep you up to date with what’s happening in our store and all the new exciting products we are formulating.