Most people have heard of B-group vitamins and Vitamins C and E, but although Vitamin K is less well-known it is no less important. It has been shown to have some surprising properties when applied to the skin.
Vitamin K1 (phytomenadione, or phylloquinone) is found in highest amounts in leafy green vegetables, because in plants it is directly involved in photosynthesis. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is stored in the human body, and both deficiencies and excesses are rare in the absence of other pathologies.
As a vitamin, vitamin K has one main function: blood clotting. It is required for the liver to activate a group of proteins called coagulation factors, all of which are necessary for blood to clot. In fact, the “K” in its name comes from its name in German, “Koagulationsvitamin”. The commonly-prescribed anticoagulant medication warfarin works by antagonising (opposing) Vitamin K’s action.
Vitamin K also plays an important role in bone health.
Bruising (or pupurea) is a common side-effect of many cosmetic laser treatments, for example laser hair removal or laser skin resurfacing. Several studies have found that products containing at least 1% w/w vitamin K shorten the length of time that skin is reddish-purple when these products are applied after laser treatment (2, 3, 4).
Vitamin K may also be applied to other skin areas that may benefit from bruise-reduction. For example, a cream containing 2% vitamin K, 0.1% retinol and 0.1% vitamins C and E has been shown to have a moderate effect on reducing dark circles under eyes (5).
Topical vitamin K has also been shown to promote the healing of wounds (6).
Topical application of vitamin K is unlikely to have any effect on systemic blood clotting, as it has no known toxicity in overdose. Any small amounts that may be absorbed across the skin must be significantly diluted before they can exert any effect where coagulation factors are activated in the liver.
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It definitely is a historic time. With all the fear and uncertainty in the world at the moment, we are experiencing things not seen since the mid 20th Century. Shortages on basic manufactured necessities such as toilet paper, foodstuffs and even medicines.
Pharmacists have the skills and expertise to prepare medicines themselves and have done so for hundreds of years. A modern compounding pharmacist has the equipment, resources and access to a wide range of raw materials to make replacement products in many situations. Should you be unable to find a medicine for yourself or your family, speak to your Border Compounding pharmacist immediately.
Washing your hands is a powerful weapon.
In the current environment where people are rushing out to buy sanitisers and washes to kill off COVID-19 and prevent its transmission, there has been a raft of misinformation on what to use and what works. This hasn’t been helped by shortages and people trying to find alternatives in the face of sold out sanitisers.
BCP Moisturising Hand Sanitiser - Medical grade, 80% ethanol, pharmacist formulated.
We would love to keep you up to date with what’s happening in our store and all the new exciting products we are formulating.